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Nordic investment in France

Danish investment

Danish direct investment amounted €6,1 billion in 2018which puts Denmark in 14th place in terms of FDI stock in France (Banque de France). 

There are over 350 Danish companies operating in France, where they employ nearly 40,000 people. Denmark is responsible for 13% of all projects in France in 2018. Moreover, the leading Nordic employer in France is Danish: ISS, a major player in the business and community services market, which employs 24,500 people. 

16 Danish investment decisions were recorded in France in 2018, creating more than 200 jobs. Half of these Danish investments were in the software/IT services and the furnishings/household goods sector. Danish companies hire 11% of all people working on the furnishing/household goods sector in France.  

In 2018, France was the second European recipient of job-creating investment from Denmark, attracting 19% of Danish projects in Europe, behind the United Kingdom (29%), and before Germany (14%). 

On a broader scale, trade with Denmark has created a commercial surplus of €70 million in 2018. 25% of French exports to the Nordic zone go to Denmark, while 18.1% of French imports from the zone come from Denmark (DG Trésor, Quinzaine Nordique nr. 170). 

Read more: Danish investment in France in 2018.

Finnish investment

Finland's direct investment amounted €17,9 billion in 2018, which puts Finland in 10th place in terms of FDI stock in France (Banque de France). 

There are over 130 Finnish companies operating in France, where they employ nearly 15,000 people. Nokia is responsible of 35% of the jobs created by Finnish companies in France. 

6 investments from Finland were recorded in 2018, creating or maintaining 560 jobs. These investments mainly involved new decision-making centers (66%). 

In 2018, France was the joint leading European recipient of job-creating investment from Finland, attracting 16% of Finnish projects in Europe, alongside Sweden but ahead of Germany, Poland, and the United Kingdom. 

In overall, 15.1% of French exports to the Nordic zone went to Finland, while 16.2% of French imports from the zone came from Finland in 2018 (DG Trésor, Quinzaine Nordique nr. 170). 

Read more: Finnish investment in France in 2018.

Norwegian investment

Norway's direct investment amounted €2,5 billion in 2018, which puts Norway in 20th place in terms of FDI stock in France (Banque de France). 

There are more than 100 Norwegian companies operating in France, where they employ around 5,400 people. 

Norway has large groups in France, including five large companies with more than 300 employees. The two companies Norsk Hydro and Marine Harvest alone account for 56% of jobs created by Norwegian companies. 

6 investments from Norway were recorded in 2018, creating 180 jobs in France. This represents a rise of 94% from 2017. Half of these investments were new decision-making centres. 

83% of jobs created in France by Norwegian companies were in the software/IT services sector. In 2018, France was the third leading European recipient of Norwegian job-creating investments in Europe (10%), preceded by the United Kingdom (24%) and Germany (17%). 

During the year 2018, 16% of French exports to the Nordic zone have gone to Norway, while 23.3% of French imports from the zone have come from Norway (DG Trésor, Quinzaine Nordique nr. 170). 

Read more: Norwegian investment in France in 2018.

Swedish investment

Swedish direct investment amounted €6,3 billion in 2018which puts Sweden at the 13th place in terms of FDI stock in France (Banque de France). 

31 Swedish investments were recorded in 2018, creating or maintaining 678 jobs. Nearly half of these investments concerned 3 sectors: software/IT (19% of projects), machinery/mechanical equipment (16%) and pharmaceuticals/biotechnologies (10%).  

Nonetheless, Swedish groups operate in a wide variety of sectors in France, fromindustry to services, including commerce, automotive, and telecoms 

There are over 470 Swedish companies operating in France, where they employ around 95,000 people. In 2018, France was the leading European recipient of job-creating investment from Sweden, attracting 24% of Swedish projects in Europe, ahead of Germany (15%) and United Kingdom (14%). 

During the year 2018, 43.2% of French exports to the Nordic zone went to Sweden, while 40.6% of French imports from the zone came from Sweden. Sweden is the largest commercial partner of France in the Nordic zone (DG Trésor, Quinzaine Nordique nr. 170). 

Read more: Swedish investment in France in 2018.